First language acquisition

First (or L1) language acquisition refers to when young children acquire their native language(s).  Young children acquire whatever language they hear around them.  In other words, they acquire whatever language happens to be present in the ambient linguistic environment (otherwise known as primary linguistic data; PLD)Young children appear to be predisposed to this task: the acquisition timetable remains relatively unchanged all over the world.  But development also plays an important role.  It is not enough to learn words and grammatical rules; fluency in a language requires a wealth of social information (i.e. pragmatic knowledge)  Read the full PDF here: First language acquisition


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